Trauma is common. Many people experience, and continue to experience, trauma in their lives.
Trauma is caused by events, circumstances or intergenerational historical traumatic experiences. Trauma can have lasting adverse effects on a person’s or collective’s mental, physical, social, emotional, or spiritual wellbeing. The effects of trauma can vary depending on the resources of individuals, whānau and communities and on how people in services work to make a difference.
These resources describe different types of trauma, their potential impacts on wellbeing and the many factors that contribute to resilience.
Community trauma impacts people collectively and individually, and can exacerbate people’s experience of trauma and adversity. Community trauma can be ‘one-off’ events like natural disasters, pandemics, public shootings, hate crimes. Community trauma can also manifest in often related and ongoing adversities such as racism, poverty and economic instability, inequitable access to health, education and social support. How we respond can enable whānau to restore their wellbeing.
These resources provide guidance on responding to community trauma:
- MoH: Coping after a traumatic event (NZ)
- Coping after a serious event (NZ)
- Community Trauma Toolkit. (AUS)
- Tragic events and community violence (AUS)
- Coping with traumatic events and news (USA)
- Beyond Screening: Achieving California's Bold Goal of Reducing Exposure to Childhood Trauma (USA)
- Resources related to COVID-19