Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome was first identified in the 1880s, and is known as Tourette’s disorder in the DSM-5.

Substance Use Disorders

Many young people experiment with alcohol and substance use, and the majority will not go on to have long term difficulties.

Psychotic Disorders (including Bipolar Disorder)

Schizophrenia is rare in childhood, and generally emerges in mid adolescence.

Disorders of Attachment in Infancy

A secure and robust relationship with a small number of warm, caring and emotionally responsive adults is fundamental to infant wellbeing and development.

Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a term that describes the group of effects that result from exposure to alcohol in utero. In DSM-5, the relevant diagnosis is Neurobehavioural Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE).

Eating Disorders

For Anorexia Nervosa, restoration of weight is the first treatment priority.

Depressive Disorders

Antidepressant medication is effective in treating severe depression in adolescents, but caution is needed as a possible side effect is an increase in suicidal thoughts.

Self-Injurious Behaviour / Deliberate Self-Harm

Intentional self-injury is known by several different phrases in clinical settings and in the research literature, including deliberate self-harm, self-injurious behaviour, non-suicidal self-injury and parasuicide.

Disruptive Behaviour Disorders (Disorders of Conduct)

Early intervention at a younger age is more effective and costs less. Conduct problems are reliably identifiable from the age of 3 years.

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

Children and adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder have had a course of development that differs from the majority of individuals, particularly in the areas of social, communication, and cognitive development.